The “nationalism of small nations” inevitably draws its emotional power from a sense of victimhood and a history of oppression â€” whether real or imagined. Watching the confiscations of ballot papers in Catalonia over the last week, I was reminded of the raid carried out by 300 Spanish Army officers on the Barcelona offices of the Catalan satirical magazine Cu-Cut! on 23 November 1905. Outraged by a satirical cartoon lampooning the Spanish military, the officers trashed the magazine”s offices. The Spanish government, under pressure from the upper echelons of the army, banned the magazine for five months, then passed the Ley de Jurisdicciones (“Law of Jurisdictionsâ€), which forbade any criticism of “Spain and its symbols”.
Some Catalan nationalists will remember that episode. Others will remember the “Reapers War” of 1640-52, or the Nueva Planta decrees imposed on Catalonia by the Bourbon monarchy following the War of the Spanish Succession and the 1713-14 siege of Barcelona, which deprived Catalonia of the medieval charters and privileges it had enjoyed under the Crown of Aragon, and which set out to extinguish any trace of Catalanism â€” including the Catalan language itself. Some may recall the martyred general Josep Moragues i Mas, drawn and quartered in the streets of Barcelona by the Bourbons in 1715.
My piece on yesterday’s referendum for Ceasefire Magazine. You can read the rest here