The trouble with Fortress Europe
- November 21, 2012
For more than two decades now, the European Union has been conducting the most extensive, sophisticated and far-reaching border enforcement programme in history, largely in an attempt to prevent “illegal” immigration a category that generally refers to undocumented “economic migrants” and refugees from poor countries and the Third World.
Militarised border patrols on land and sea; 400,000 police and border guards and the creation of a new European border agency Frontex; computerised databases and surveillance technologies at the border; the “externalisation” of the EU”s border enforcement to neighbouring countries; quota-driven deportations; an escalating tempo of detention, immigration raids, identity checks and police harassment – all these developments have formed part of an ongoing programme of border control and enforcement that is no longer limited to the territorial border itself….
My article for the Open Democracy website’s ‘Can Europe make it?’ section. You can read the whole piece here.